Squash is a racket sport played by two (singles) or four players (doubles) in a four-walled court with a small, hollow rubber ball. The players must alternate in striking the ball with their racket and hit the ball onto the playable surfaces of the four walls of the court.
The game was formerly called squash rackets, a reference to the “squashable” soft ball used in the game (compared with the harder ball used in its sister game rackets).
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Racketball was founded in the US in 1952 and its popularity grew rapidly a major contributing factor being that the sport was played on American Hardball courts which were already in existence. The sports first governing body was formed in 1969 and now goes by the name of USRA, in the US the sport now has an estimated 5.6 million players.
Racketball first began to be played in the UK in 1976 and is a modification of the US version of racketball. Played on a squash court rather than a hardball court, the sealing is now out of bounds and the rules closely follow that of squash. The sport in the UK has grown rapidly with England Squash incorporating racketball in 1984, this version of racketball is now being played in many countries where squash is popular such as Australia, Bermuda, New Zealand, Malaysia, South Africa, France The Netherlands, Sweden, Germany, North America and many others.
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